monday-friday: 10.00-13.00, 15.00-17.30, saturday, sunday:
closed, free admittance
VKHUTEMAS – A
MESSAGE TO THE 21ST CENTURY
The Russian architectural avant
guarde of the 1920s – the 1930s is one of the bright art phenomena of
the 20th century. Together with the French rationalism, German and Dutch
functionalism it is a turning point in the historical development of the
world architectural process, having expressed in unusual forms utopian
ideas of the future subject world, a new way of life, of the environment
of a new Utopia. Much less is known about the school of the VKHUTEMAS,
than about the Bauhaus – the allied educational institute though their
lives, purposes and ideals coincide up to incredibility. The generators
of a new aesthetics born by the social revolution and victims of
totalitarianism, they were that boiler where the new architecture was
smelted. The heritage of the Bauhaus has been investigated thoroughly.
The knowledge of the VKHUTEMAS is far from being exhausted. The Moscow
Architectural Institute is an heir of the VKHUTEMAS traditions. The
MARCHI Museum has been collecting a unique collection of educational and
design works by teachers and students of the VKHUTEMAS for fifteen
years. The vanguard ideology of the VKHUTEMAS was reflected in
exhibitions of that time. At the well known international exhibition in
Paris in 1925 (in the pavilion designed by K. Melnikov) students’ works,
executed under N. Ladovsky and V. Krinsky, were awarded Grand prix. The
«First exhibition of contemporary architecture» took place in Moscow in
1927 (in the building of the VKHUTEMAS). Architectural higher schools
and leading architects of the European countries who have offered their
vision of architectural avant guarde took part in it, having formed thus
«a united front of modern architecture. The first prize was received by
the architects Vesnin brothers – teachers of the VKHUTEMAS for the
project of a Palace of Labour ,the second prize by the student of the
VKHUTEMAS I. Leonidov for his diploma work «Lenin Institute». After the
VKHUTEMAS was shut down educational works were
not exposed for a long time. During the last decades they began to be
exhibited at such prestigious international exhibitions, as «Moscow
–Paris» (1986), «Moscow – Berlin» (1996). «The VKHUTEMAS: sources of the
Russian avantguarde» is the first exhibition representing the VKHUTEMAS
and its architectural faculty abroad. I hope, you will receive some new
knowledge of the heroic period in the history of arts of Russia, and
maybe of the whole world, will feel the burning breath of the epoch full
of hopes and expectations of the time in which we live today. And
welcome to the space of the VKHUTEMAS!
President of the
the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Science
|V. Kolpakova. G.
Klutsis's workshop Colour Solution for an Architectural Volume.
|I. Golosov. Pavilion
of the Far East. All-Russian Agricultural, Handicraft and Industrial
|A. Zal'tsman. A.
Vesnin's workshop. Movie Studio. Last course project. 1926-1927.
|Students of the VKHUTEMAS
at the demonstration.1922.