16/11/2018
The Tower in the City


EACH WORKSHOP IS MADE UP BY 3 DIFFERENT PHASES:

1) BEFORE the workshop: each group of university students from a different country must prepare a preliminary work, to be presented in Florence.

2) DURING the workshop there will be formed different international mixed groups of students; each international group will present a final work at the end of the week.

3) AFTER the workshop: once coming back home, each national group of university students will prepare a final version of the project.


Project phase: BEFORE


PROJECT LEADER:
Proff. Elena Lapshina

PROJECT LEADER E-MAIL:
elenlap@sura.ru








PARTECIPANTS:


GLIWICE - POLAND

SILESIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
Faculty of Architecture

professors:
Piotr Stachurski PhD (Eng.Arch.)
Aleksander Niedzielski PhD (Eng.Arch.)

students:
Agnieszka Młotkowska(PhD student)
Agnieszka Kapuściok
Małgorzata Kotuła
Beata Lisiewska
Alicja Owczarska
Karolina Przybyła
Paweł Spisak
Dorota Żurek




BEFORE THE WORKSHOP

(1) TOWER is a human product, work of culture and civilization. Traditional religious meaning of tower as "axis mundi" - axis of the Universe connecting haven and earth - coexists with secular meaning of tower as a sign of organized society, it is inseparable element of urban landscape. A vertical structure defines existence of a town.
Throughout the history a symbolic meaning of tower didn’t change. It is still a symbol of a rule, abilities of human being, of permanent growth and achieving a symbolic heaven.
It states a boundary and openness, a point reference and signpost for people that are moving in the town. It is always a sender of an information.
It has a very important semiotic function as it pass on an information about an importance of a place and a rule. It is a reflection of social structure (spiritual domination - church tower, secular - town hall tower, skyscrapers of international corporations, and so on).
According to Vitruvius architecture can be classified as: religious (religio), defensive (defensio), utilitarian (opportunitas). Throughout the history you can find towers representing all the types mentioned above.

(2) Cracow as the historic seat of Polish kings and historic capital of Poland is very important symbolic center of Poland. So as Cracow is the "hearth" of Poland, the Wawel Hill - the first settlement in Cracow, is the "hearth", the focusing point of the city space. It causes that the silhouette of the Royal Castle on Wawel with three dominating towers of the Royal Cracow Cathedral (cathedral where Karol Wojtyła - John Paul II was a bishop) is probably the most important architectural sign of Polish national identity. Early medieval Wawel keep (tower of the last defense traditionally dominating over a medieval castle) was transformed to an elegant, sophisticated Late Gothic dwelling tower, dominated by a grandiose form of later Renaissance palace. In the 13th century regular layout of the Old Town became an architectural counterbalance for the Royal Wawel. Two majestic towers of the parish church of St Marry, dominating over this part of Cracow, can be also rated among the most important architectural symbols in Poland.

(3) Gliwice was a typical small medieval city clustered around the marked place. Towers of the parish church of All Saints’ and the Town Hall were two the most important vertical dominants in the city landscape (both survived, but in modified forms). In medieval times the city was surrounded by defensive walls witch two city gates, the Racibórz ("Black") Gate and the Bytom ("White") Gate, formed two subdominants. Both gate-towers are destroyed.
Reconstruction of the 17th century panoramic view by Prof. Franciszek Maurer.

(4) Jasna Góra in Częstochowa, a monastery known as the sanctuary of Black Madonna of Częstochowa, is the most important pilgrimage center in Poland and one of the most important pilgrimage centers in the world, hence this is very important symbol of Polish Roman Catholicism. The importance of building is emphasized by urban layout. The main street of Częstochowa leads to the monastery. There is another important pilgrimage center in the industrial area Upper Silesia. The sanctuary in Piekary Śląskie, a place of worship situated in the close proximity of a coal mine.

(5) Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw had “religious” meaning too. It was connected with religion called communism. Palace was a controversial gift from Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to the people of Warsaw. It’s a huge steel and ceramic tile Socialist- Realist skyscraper. The architecture of a building is closely related to many similar skyscrapers built in the Soviet Union (especially in Moscow) in that time. Nowadays “religion” of liberal capitalism form huge skyscrapers which start to compete with the enormous height of the Palace.

(6-7) Industrial towers of the Upper Silesia industrial region became architectural symbols and constant part of landscape and environment of this conurbation of 3 millions inhabitants. Mentioned towers can be divided into two groups. To the first one belong the towers referencing to historical buildings (water towers, boiler houses etc.). In the second group a dynamic, "constructivists" architectural form is a result of technology (first of all mineshafts towers). Transformation of the heavy industry in the region makes an objective architectural and conservation problem - what to do with such objects. It's not solution to transform all of them into museums. They must be included to contemporary structure of a city, for example as parts of new commercial centers (Silesia Center in Katowice).

(8) The Radio Tower in Gliwice is the highest wooden construction in the world 110,7m (for comparison, the St Peter's Basilica in Rome - 136m; the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral in Florence - 107m). It was a load-bearing construction of the transmitter of the radio-station Sender-Gleiwitz, built in the interwar period. It is located in the north part of the city. 31st August 1939 it become a place of Nazi provocation, which became a pretext to start World War II. The 1st of January 2006 it became a part of the Museum of Radio and Media Art.



Images of the WORK
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GLIWICE - POLAND

SILESIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
Faculty of Architecture

professors:
Piotr Stachurski PhD (Eng.Arch.)
Aleksander Niedzielski PhD (Eng.Arch.)

students:
Agnieszka Młotkowska(PhD student)
Agnieszka Kapuściok
Małgorzata Kotuła
Beata Lisiewska
Alicja Owczarska
Karolina Przybyła
Paweł Spisak
Dorota Żurek


Before - After

Armenia

Before - After

Penza State University of Architecture and Construction
Penza State University of Architecture and Construction.Proff.Elena Lapshina, ass.prof.Valentina Dusavitskaya, ass.Galina Grossman,
Before - After


Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, faculty of Architecture, Design and Construction, name of the professor and students: prof. Tonkoi Igor,ass.of prof. Sarymsakov Amir, students Oleinikova Evgenia, Mokroborodov Andrey, Baindurashvili Sofia, Baindurashvili Megi, Gustyr Aleksei, Gasanov Kurban, Halip Denis, Sharipbekova Jamal.
Before - After

Kharkiv, Ukraina
A.P. Boyrjak&Ko
Before - After



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GROUP1
Belova Anna,A.Kustyar,D.Guikov,B.Lishevska
During


GROUP2
P.Himich,A.Farsyan,D.Gurec,O.Terehova,A.Mokrobokopov
During


GROUP3
H.Sagomonyan, M. Gusak,A.Ovcharska,R.Abulhanova,M.Baidurashvili
During


GROUP4
A.Kochkoyan,A.Maslov,D.Sharinbekova,L.Kireeva,A.Motkovska
During


GROUP5

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GROUP6

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GROUP7

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GROUP8

During