09/12/2019
Renaissance in Florence-Last Supper images


EACH WORKSHOP IS MADE UP BY 3 DIFFERENT PHASES:

1) BEFORE the workshop: each group of university students from a different country must prepare a preliminary work, to be presented in Florence.

2) DURING the workshop there will be formed different international mixed groups of students; each international group will present a final work at the end of the week.

3) AFTER the workshop: once coming back home, each national group of university students will prepare a final version of the project.


Project phase: DURING


PROJECT LEADER:
Potapova Irina

PROJECT LEADER E-MAIL:
slava_potapov@ukr.net








PARTECIPANTS:
Oksana Dovgopolova (Odessa I.I.Mechnikov National University, UKR), Yuliya Berezhetskaya (Perm State University, RU), Elena Zeinalova (Perm State University, RU), Aleksey Kazakov (Perm State University, RU), Alena Mikhaylova (Perm State University, RU), Marina Pugina (Perm State University, RU), Mariia Tytarchuk (Odessa I.I.Mechnikov National University, UKR), Ekaterina Vasiuchkova (Perm State University, RU)


MAKING THE WORKSHOP

Renaissance in Florence

Being the participants of international workshop “Renaissance in Florence”, we felt ourselves really as travellers, not tourists. We felt the indigenous spirit of the city, its soul and magic. As participants of workshop we obtained quite more knowledge than if we might get from books or guides.

Watching different images of the Last Supper in Florence we paid attention to one of them which reminded us of Byzantine and Orthodox traditions of iconography. For example the Last Supper in the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Florence. And we understood, that  we have  less differences than we thought. We pay attention to similarities between our cultures. So we want to tell you about traditions of religious wooden sculpture in various centers of Europe: Florence, West Ukraine and Perm region.

In front of some exhibits we felt something unusual and familiar. For example the first exhibit was a crucifixion in the Archeological Museum "Cenacolo di Fuligno".

In the church near our hotel (Santa Maria Maggiore) we also saw wooden sculpture of Jesus stilistically very similar to Perm analogues.

Why do we found this so similar?

The great collection of wooden sculpture in Perm region is unique due to its clear connection with both Christian and Pagan cultures. It is unusual for orthodox church to create the sculptured images of God and Saints. But this fact hadn’t become an obstacle for development of wooden sculpture in the Ural region. Ural priests felt that it's better to agree with presence of sculptures in churches than to loose parishioners. It’s important that faces of sculptures show us the deep interior understanding of the ideas of Christianity which inspirited the unknown masters. The Saviors’ faces show gentleness, mildness, humility, martyrdom – the features which scarcely could be inherent to pagan idols.

The features of the sculptures’ faces are Komi-Permyak and Bashkir according to an artist’s nationality. The most spread image of Christ in the Perm sculpture – Savior in Prison or Savior Midnight.

N. Serebrennikov was a discoverer of Perm wooden sculpture. He organized 6 expeditions for collecting masterpieces of art and antiquity. Main part of this collection is sculptures that were found in country temples in the north of Perm Krai (Nyrob, Cherdyn. Solikamsk). In 1925 Grabar took part in expedition and was the first among prominent artist and art historians who appreciated meaning and cultural value of discoveries.

Main part of Perm wooden collection is in the Perm Art Gallery. In 2010 the part of this collection has been sent in France. 

Ukrainian students informed us about the existence of the similar tradition in Galicia, Western Ukraine. Here we can notice the works of famous artist Wit Stwosh, who created the wooden sculptures for churches in Krakow (historical region of Galicia), and numerous wooden sculptures from the cathedrals of Lvov, Ternopol, Ivano-Frankovsk.

As we said, the Perm sculpture is the unique example of wooden sculpture for Russia. It’s known that the authorities of Russian Orthodox Church in certain periods opposed this tradition, seeing in it the example of Catholic influence, though such influence was impossible. The foreign architects and artists had never been invited to Perm region. At the moment of creation of wooden sculpture tradition there weren’t Catholics in Perm region at all. Even if they were, they scarcely could create so powerful and unique for Russia tradition. We know that the Italian architects had been invited to Russia often, but they never changed the main line of Orthodox architecture development. They appeared to be involved into the orthodox traditions. So the Perm sculpture could be acknowledged as a unique for Russia. In this context the similarities between wooden sculpture of Florence, Perm and Galicia are really amazing.

In spite of the fact that traditions of wooden sculpture aren’t connected between each other, we can convinced of  similarities of our cultures due to examples that we showed previously. These interconnections between cultures can spring up only when we have an opportunity to immerse ourselves in foreign culture but not just read an article in encyclopedia.

Owing to the fact that we took part in this Workshop we formed a new view on ourselves and our neighbours.





Images of the WORK
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Perm University/ Odessa National I.Mechnikov University
Aleksey Kamenskikh, Irina Reshetilo, Olga Andrianova, Ekaterina Vasiuchkova, Anastasiia Kostareva, Alena Mikhaylova, Aleksey Kazakov
Before - After


Aleksey Kamenskikh, Marina Pugina, Elena Zeinalova, Yuliya Berezhetskaya, Semyon Gudoshnikov, Roman Zinshtein
Before - After


Storozhuk Svitlana, Antosik Hanna,Zinchenko Anastasiia, Orlova Kateryna, Pozdnyakova Ganna,
Before - After


Khaliulin Kostiantin, Rybakova Mariya, Savchenko Olena,Khaliulina Yulia,Khilkova lidiia, Rainova Dominik
Before - After


Muzykant Olga, Kudinova Ielyzaveta, Akulshyna Natalia, Lieontieva Ksenia, Malysheva Angelina, Shatalova Yuliia,Malina Kristina, Sakhatskyi Mykola
Before - After


Oksana Dovgopolova, Maksym Karpenko, Tatiana Sergiienko, Oksana Morkovska, Mariia Tytarchuk
Before - After


Anastasia Shchukina
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Alexey Kamenskikh (RU), Anastasia Kostareva (RU), Irina Reshetilo (RU), Olga Andrianova (RU), Anastasia Schukina (RU), Maxim Karpenko (UKR), Tatiana Sergienko (UKR), Oksana Morkovskaya (UKR)
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Oksana Dovgopolova (Odessa I.I.Mechnikov National University, UKR), Yuliya Berezhetskaya (Perm State University, RU), Elena Zeinalova (Perm State University, RU), Aleksey Kazakov (Perm State University, RU), Alena Mikhaylova (Perm State University, RU), Marina Pugina (Perm State University, RU), Mariia Tytarchuk (Odessa I.I.Mechnikov National University, UKR), Ekaterina Vasiuchkova (Perm State University, RU)
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